Romeo and Juliet
Prologue

fair Verona (1-2)

The capital of one of the nine provinces of Venetia, and of all the cities of those provinces second in importance to Venice alone. The supposed house of the Capulets and the tomb of Juliet are still shown to tourists today, although the tradition regarding both is without any authority. Romeo and Juliet is, however, founded on events that actually took place, and Escalus, prince of Verona, was Bartolommeo della Scala, who died in 1303. <

 

The Prince of the Cats

The King of the Cats is a folk tale from the British Isles. The earliest known example is found in Beware the Cat, written by William Baldwin in 1553, though it is related to the first century story of "The Death of Pan".

However,Tybalt shares the same name as the character Tibert/Tybalt the "Prince of Cats" in Reynard the Fox, a point of mockery in the play. Mercutio repeatedly calls Tybalt "Prince of Cats" (perhaps referring to the Italian word cazzo as well). Luigi da Porto adapted the story as Giulietta e Romeo and included it in his 'Historia novellamente ritrovata di due Nobili Amanti' published in 1530. Da Porto drew on Pyramus and Thisbe and Giovanni Boccaccio's Decameron. He gave it much of its modern form, including the lovers' names, the rival families of Montecchi and Capuleti, and the location in Verona. He also introduces characters corresponding to Shakespeare's Mercutio, Tybalt, and Paris. Da Porto presents his tale as historically true and claims it took place in the days of Bartolomeo II della Scala (a century earlier than Salernitano). Montague and Capulet were actual 13th-century political factions, but the only connection between them is a mention in Dante's Purgatorio as an example of civil dissension. <

Terms used in Fencing

Passado -

the forward thrust

The punto reverso

the backhand thrust

The hai

the thrust that goes straight through. <